• SPAN 101: Elementary Spanish

    This course introduces the basic structures of the Spanish language, everyday vocabulary and cultural situations. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisite: none (Placement score for students with previous experience in Spanish). 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Ariel Arjona Hernandez, Claudia Lange, Ingrid Luna
  • SPAN 102: Elementary Spanish

    This course introduces complex sentences and various tenses and short literary and cultural texts. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 101 or equivalent 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Winter 2023 · Claudia Lange, Vera Coleman, Beatriz Pariente-Beltrán, Fernando Contreras Flamand, Ariel Arjona Hernandez
  • SPAN 103: Intermediate Spanish

    This course continues the study of complex sentence patterns and reviews basic patterns in greater depth, partly through the discussion of authentic short stories. Students practice all four skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) in Spanish. Taught five days a week in Spanish. Prerequisites: Spanish 102 or equivalent 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Spring 2023 · Vera Coleman, Palmar Álvarez-Blanco, Ingrid Luna, Fernando Contreras Flamand, Claudia Lange
  • SPAN 204: Intermediate Spanish

    Through discussion of literary and cultural texts and films, as well as a review of grammar, this course aims to help students acquire greater skill and confidence in both oral and written expression. Taught three days a week in Spanish.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 103 or equivalent 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022, Winter 2023 · Vera Coleman, Jorge Brioso, Héctor Melo Ruiz, Silvia López, Beatriz Pariente-Beltrán, Fernando Contreras Flamand, Humberto Huergo
  • SPAN 205: Conversation and Composition

    A course designed to develop the student’s oral and written mastery of Spanish. Advanced study of grammar. Compositions and conversations based on cultural and literary topics. There is also an audio-video component focused on current affairs. Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Winter 2023, Spring 2023 · Humberto Huergo, Jorge Brioso, Palmar Álvarez-Blanco
  • SPAN 208: Coffee and News

    An excellent opportunity to brush up your Spanish while learning about current issues in Spain and Latin America. The class meets only once a week for an hour. Class requirements include reading specific sections of Spain’s leading newspaper, El País, everyday on the internet (El País), and then meeting once a week to exchange ideas over coffee with a small group of students like yourself.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 2 credits; S/CR/NC; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Fall 2022, Winter 2023, Spring 2023 · Silvia López, Jorge Brioso
  • SPAN 209: Radio and News in Spanish

    Are you interested in talking about current news while practicing your oral skills in Spanish? Have you ever considered participating in a radio program? This course is an excellent way to keep in touch with your Spanish while collaborating with “El Super Barrio Latino” a radio program conducted by the Latinx community of Northfield. In each program we will explore international and domestic news and we will interview people in our community. Relying on international newspapers, students will discuss common topics and themes representing a wide array of regions. (Language of conversation is Spanish)

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 2 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 210: Spanish Literature and Art through Graphic Novels

    This course serves as a bridge between beginning (204-208) and advanced courses (220-300) in the Department of Spanish. Its main objective is to improve your written and oral skills by looking at some of the best examples of the graphic novel in Spain in recent years, including: Vida y muerte de Lorca (biography), Las Meninas (art history), Yo, asesino (detective novel), Homenaje a Cataluña (Spanish Civil War), Náufragos (urban tales of Madrid and Barcelona), Ardalén (autobiography), and others. Students will be expected to write several short compositions and to give oral presentations applying specific grammar skills in the context of texts and paintings examined in class.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Spring 2023 · Humberto Huergo
  • SPAN 212: Madrid Program: Navigating Madrid

    This is an intense grammar/cultural workshop intended to help program participants navigate successfully through everyday situations such as ordering food at a restaurant, getting a haircut, describing your symptoms to a doctor, buying clothes or simply hanging out with your new Spanish friends. The course has two components—one strictly grammatical (“how do you say X exactly?”) and another cultural (“is it right to use the informal  with a waiter?”).

    2 credits; S/CR/NC; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Humberto Huergo
  • SPAN 213: Pragmatics and Conversation in Context

    Pragmatics studies the relationship between language and context. Learning conversational skills in a second language requires students to linguistically adapt to a range of contexts, hence the field of pragmatics provides an ideal theoretical framework for a conversation class. For example, students learn about essential cultural and linguistic differences between English and Spanish with regard to conversational styles, politeness and verbal interaction in general.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 2 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 218: Introduction to Latin American Cinema

    This course will introduce the student to several production systems and aesthetic traditions in Latin American cinema, from silent cinema to current Netflix productions, allowing students to engage cinematic debates by situating them in their national, regional and global cultural contexts. Be prepared to be immersed in the moving image and its cultural significance through the viewing of many films and critical work on them. Recommended as a foundation course for further study.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or the equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Spring 2023 · Héctor Melo Ruiz
  • SPAN 220: Racism, Immigration, and Gender in Contemporary Latin American Narrative

    This course focuses on contemporary short stories and short novels. We will read some of the most relevant living authors from Latin America including Carlos Gamerro, Pilar Quintana, Kike Ferrari, Yeniter Poleo, Antonio José Ponte, among others. This will expose students to the most pressing issues in today’s Latin America, ranging from gender, violence, racism, and inmigration. We will interview at least one of the authors read during the term and discuss the social implications of their literature in today’s world. 

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 225: Exile in Literature and History

    “Exiles” —claims Palestinian exile Edward Said— “are always eccentrics who feel their difference as some sort of orphanhood while defending zealously their refusal to belong.” This course examines four different moments in the history of Spanish exile: the mass expulsion of Jews in 1492, that of moriscos (Moors converted to Christianity) in 1609, the Liberal exile in 1823, and the Republican exile at the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement, Writing Requirement, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 227: Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Early Modern Spain

    Muslims and Jews lived in the country we now call “Spain” for nearly 1000 years before they were both expelled in 1492 and 1609. No other European nation has ever experienced this kind of cultural hybridity. This course examines the tense coexistence of all three cultures between the twelfth and the seventeenth centuries, as reflected in historical documents, civil law, literature, and art. Readings include: Hispano-Arabic women poets mocking the Koran, Sephardic literature, Hispano-Arabic gay poetry, letters from Queen Isabella defending “her” Jews, the expulsion of Jews as narrated by Jewish chroniclers of the time, Núñez de Muley’s Memorandum in defense of moriscos (Spanish Muslims), Father Agustín Salucio’s stunning plea for an amnesty that would stop the persecution of Spanish Jews, Cervantes, and others. If you thought Muslims were newcomers to Europe, think again—you are in for a ride.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or above 6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 229: Madrid Program: Current Issues in Spanish Politics

    This course offers a fresh look of Spain’s current political and economic life. Discussion topics include the rise of Podemos and the new Spanish political scene, the Catalan separatist movement, political corruption, illegal immigration, and the role of the European Union.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or higher and acceptance in Madrid OCS Program 6 credits; Social Inquiry, International Studies; offered Fall 2022 · Humberto Huergo
  • SPAN 230: Madrid Program: Urban Transformation and Cultural Tensions in a Global City

    This course proposes an exploration of Madrid in a historical perspective to track those tensions between the persistence of the city and the pulsion of modernity, between the local traditions and peculiarities and the influences arriving as an effect of globalization. In this journey we will study the  transformation of Madrid from Middle Ages to the present, focusing on the struggles and strategies of the community adapting to the new circumstances. In more general terms, we will understand Madrid’s way of life, the problems and particularities of its community, and as well as an introduction to the threats to urban society in a global world.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 and participation in Madrid Program 6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 242: Introduction to Latin American Literature

    An introductory course to reading major texts in Spanish provides an historical survey of the literary movements within Latin American literature from the pre-Hispanic to the contemporary period. Recommended as a foundation course for further study. Not open to seniors. Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or proficiency 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Winter 2023 · Silvia López
  • SPAN 244: Spain Today: Recent Changes through Narrative and Film

    Since the death of Franco in 1975, Spain has undergone huge political, socio-economic, and cultural transformations. Changes in the traditional roles of women, the legalization of gay marriage, the decline of the Catholic church, the increase of immigrants, Catalan and Basque nationalisms, and the integration of Spain in the European Union, have all challenged the definition of a national identity. Through contemporary narrative and film, this course will examine some of these changes and how they contribute to the creation of what we call Spain today.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Fall 2022 · Palmar Álvarez-Blanco
  • SPAN 245: On Cannibals, Witches, and Zombies

    Latin American culture is populated with monsters. As manifestations of racial, gendered, and class difference, they can be found in artistic production all over the hemisphere. This course explores these narratives, primarily focusing on the cannibal, the witch, and the zombie as representations of difference, fear, and colonialism in Latin America. We will analyze literary and visual production from the sixteenth century to the present in order to strengthen students’ analytical and written skills in Spanish. Emphasis will be given to methods to ‘reading’ our materials, to learning how to approach those sources from different cultural and critical perspectives, as well as to produce written reactions and analysis.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 262: Myth and History in Central American Literature

    In this course we study the relationship between myth and history in Central America since its origins in the Popol Vuh, the sacred texts of the Mayans until the period of the post-civil wars era. The course is organized in a chronological manner. We will study, in addition to the Popol Vuh, the chronicles of Alvarado, some poems by Rubén Darío and Francisco Gavidia, some of the writings of Miguel Ãngel Asturias and Salarrué. The course will end with a study of critical visions of the mythical presented by more contemporary authors such as Roque Dalton and Luis de Lión.  Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 263: History of Human Rights

    This course proposes a genealogical study of the concept of Human Rights. The course will begin with the debates in sixteenth century Spain about the theological, political and juridical rights of “Indians.” The course will cover four centuries and the following topics will be discussed: the debates about poverty in sixteenth century Spain; the birth of the concept of tolerance in the eighteenth century; the creation of the modern political constitution in the United States, France and Spain; the debates about women’s rights, abortion and euthanasia, etc. Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 277: The Poem as Artifact: Art and Work in Contemporary Spanish American Poetry

    Poetry will be studied as an activity that shares a common ground with other social practices. In particular, we will examine particular moments and cases of Latin American literature in which the poem (the making of poetry and the form of the text) has been conceived in its connection with work, that is, with the process of transformation of materiality into specific “objects,” involving a necessary social use of time and space. We will explore this topic starting with Modernismo and, after covering the Vanguardias, will get to some key developments from the 1960s to present. Prerequisites: Spanish 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 301: Greek and Christian Tragedy

    This course is a comparative study of classical and Christian tragedy from Sophocles to Valle Inclán and from Aristotle to Nietzsche. Classes alternate between lectures and group discussions. Course requisites include a midterm exam and a final paper. All readings are in Spanish, Sophocles and Aristotle included. Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 318: Islamic Spain

    Muslims conquered Spain in 711 and lived in the country roughly until 1614. This course will examine the Islamic origins of Spain from a variety of disciplines, including literature, religion, history, and art history. Topics covered include:Hispano-Arabic literature, the fall of Granada, the repression of Moriscos under Philip II, aljamiado literature (literature written in Spanish with Arabic characters), the expulsion of Moriscos, and the diaspora in Tunisia. We will also devote two weeks to the study of the representation of Turks, Muslims, and Moriscos in Cervantes’ plays and novels, including several chapters of his famous Don Quixote. All texts are in Spanish, including Arab sources by Ibn Hazm, Wallada, Muhya, and other Hispano-Arabic and Morisco writers.  

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, Writing Requirement, International Studies; offered Spring 2023
  • SPAN 319: Works on Work: Films and Literature on Labor in Latin America

    This course studies the cultural representation of labor in Latin America. It focuses on the racial division of labor over the colonial, industrial, and neoliberal periods. We will analyze a wide range of visual and literary representations of Native, Black and women workers under the Encomienda labor system; peonages during the period of independence and specific national contexts (i.e. rubber tapper); industrial workers throughout the twentieth century (blue-collar workers); as well as the role of unemployment and precarized labor within the context of globalization.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 321: Murder as a Fine Art: The Detective Novel in Latin America

    We will study the socio-historical factors that gave rise to the genre as well as some of its classical predecessors (Poe, Chandler). We will then turn our attention to some prominent heirs of this genre in Latin America (Borges, Piglia, Bolaño) and end by studying why in contemporary Central American literature the genre is enjoying a resurgence (Menjívar, Castellanos Moya and Rey Rosa). We will study the specific traits the genre has adopted in Latin America and how it has become a mirror that often reflects the political and social realities confronting the region, particularly in Central America. Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 328: The Contemporary Spanish Fictional Essay

    In this course we will study the various meanings of what has been labeled, aesthetically and sociologically, as the Post-Modernist age, or Late Modernity. We will also study the relationship between “postmodernism,” the late-capitalist era and what has been called the “culture of contentment” or “culture of well-being.” In addition, we will attempt to understand the interactions that exist between consumer culture, market societies and dominant ideology. To develop this theme we will focus on Spain, but will also continually establish cross-cultural comparisons with other countries. This course addresses many different genres (e.g. fictional essays, documentaries, gag cartoons, graphic novels, comics). The course also features evening films and guest lectures.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or 207 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 330: The Invention of the Modern Novel: Cervantes’ Don Quijote

    Among other things, Don Quijote is a “remake,” an adaptation of several literary models popular at the time the picaresque novel, the chivalry novel, the sentimental novel, the Byzantine novel, the Italian novella, etc. This course will examine the ways in which Cervantes transformed these models to create what is considered by many the first “modern” novel in European history. Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Fall 2022 · Jorge Brioso
  • SPAN 345: Culture, Capitalism and the Commons

    Have you ever wondered if not capitalism, then what? In this course we will critically approach the historical background, the causes and, most importantly, the consequences of the civil and ecological crisis unleashed globally in 2008. Both in its origin and its consequences, this crisis went beyond the financial field, extending into the realms of politics, economics, culture, media and ecology. In light of this context, we will take a transdisciplinary approach to the study of capitalist culture and analyze the main changes that have developed from the cycle of social mobilizations surrounding the “indignados” movement or Spanish 15M in 2011. With a primary focus on Spain, we will concentrate on analyzing cultural artifacts that mark a paradigm shift from a capitalist culture towards the development of a culture of the commons that seeks to improve the living conditions of the social majority, defending both human rights and ecological justice.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or equivalent 6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; offered Winter 2023 · Palmar Álvarez-Blanco
  • SPAN 347: Madrid Program: Welcome to the Spanish Revolution. From the “Spanish Miracle” to the “Indignant Movement” (1940-2021)

    When we travel to another country are we tourists or travelers? What are our expectations when traveling? How do we get to know a place, its people, and culture? In this course we will walk through the history of some of the most important cultural and historical landmarks that mark the different transitions that Spain has gone through. We will become travelers who read, think, observe, and reflect upon political, cultural, and social questions connected to each text we read and every place we visit. This program includes several workshops with guest speakers, and significant contact with social collectives and communities in Spain.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 and participation in OCS Madrid Progrm 6 credits; Social Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 349: Madrid Program: Theory and Practice of Urban Life

    More than a study of the image of Madrid in Spanish literature, this course examines the actual experience of living in a cosmopolitan city through a variety of disciplines, including Urban Studies, Geography, Architecture, Sociology, and Spanish poetry and fiction. Special attention will be given to imaginative walking and counter-tourist tactics as theorized by Phil Smith and the British psychogeographic movement.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Fall 2022 · Humberto Huergo
  • SPAN 356: The Political and Cultural History of the Cuban Revolution

    In 2014 Obama and Castro simultaneously announced the end of an era: the Cold War. This announcement was a turning point for one of the most influential and symbolically important political movements in Latin America: The Cuban Revolution. We will study the political and historical background that sustained this revolution for over fifty years. We will read historical, political, philosophical, and cultural texts to understand this process and the fascination that it commanded around the world. We will also examine the different exoduses that this revolution provoked and the exile communities that Cubans constructed in different parts of the world.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 358: The Spanish Civil War

    Considered by many historians the beginning of the II World War, the Spanish Civil war served as the arena where the main ideologies of the twentieth century–Capitalism, Fascism, and Communism–first clashed. The result was not only one of the bloodiest wars in history, but also was of the most idealistic, with 40,000 volunteers from all over the world willing to die in defense of a country they did not even know. This course will explore the meaning of the war through a variety of mediums and disciplines, including literature, history, graphic arts, and films. Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; International Studies, Humanistic Inquiry; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 360: Race and Nation in Caribbean Literature

    We will study the Caribbean as the space, par excellence, of imperial, racial and cultural intersections. With a special emphasis on literary production in the Spanish Caribbean, we will focus on the formation of hegemonic nationalist discourses that often silenced the region’s great racial and cultural diversity. We will analyze symbolic and cultural constructions of power rationalized with complex racialized beliefs to sustain the social and political structures in these countries. We will read texts by José Martí, Juan Francisco Manzano, Lydia Cabrera, Nancy Morejón, Nicolás Guillén, and Derek Walcott among others.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 366: Jorge Luis Borges: Less a Man Than a Vast and Complex Literature

    Borges once said about Quevedo that he was less a man than a vast and complex literature. This phrase is probably the best definition for Borges as well. We will discuss the many writers encompassed by Borges: the vanguard writer, the poet, the detective short story writer, the fantastic story writer, the essayist. We will also study his many literary masks: H. Bustoc Domecq (the apocryphal writer he created with Bioy Casares) a pseudonym he used to write chronicles and detective stories. We will study his impact on contemporary writers and philosophers such as Foucault, Derrida, Roberto Bolaño, etc. Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Spring 2023 · Jorge Brioso
  • SPAN 370: Indigeneity and Gender in Latin America

    This course will examine representations of Indigenous peoples in Latin America during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with special attention to constructions of race and gender. We will explore topics such as the racial and gendered associations used to construct indigeneity, the exclusion of alternative indigenous gender subjectivities, and the double subordination indigenous women have historically experienced. Some questions we will explore are: How has indigeneity been understood in nineteenth and twentieth-century Latin America? How have nineteenth-century Latin American nations imagined and disciplined female indigeneity? What new forms of indigenous gender identities became visible during the twentieth century? The course includes materials related to Central America (Mexico, Guatemala), the Andes, and the Amazon.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 371: Yours Truly: The Body of the Letter

    This course will focus on letters and their significance as acts of symbolic and material exchange, as objects that bear the mark of the bodily act of writing, and as a staging of the scene of writing itself. We will study different types of letters (love letters, prison letters, literary letters, letters embedded in other texts, fictional letters, epistolary novels, etc.), but always as the site of production of a modern and gendered self. Texts by Simón Bolívar, Manuela Sáenz, Rosa Luxemburg, Simone de Beauvoir, André Gorz, Pedro Salinas, Marina Tsvetaeva, Boris Pasternak, Paul Celan, Ingeborg Bachmann, Elena Poniatowska, Alan Pauls and Alfredo Bryce Echenique.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 376: Mexico City: The City as Protagonist

    This seminar will have Mexico City as protagonist, and will examine the construction of one of the largest urban centers of the world through fictional writing, cultural criticism, and visual/aural culture. We will critically engage the fictions of its past, the dystopias of its present, the assemblage of affects and images that give it continuity, but which also codify the ever-changing and contested view of its representation and meaning. From Carlos Fuentes to Sayak Valencia, in the company of Eisenstein and Cuarón, among others.

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • SPAN 380: Dispossession, Gentrification, and Reoccupation in Latin America

    This course studies the concept of property in Latin America. It analyzes historical events such as colonial dispossession, urban transformations in cities like Rio de Janeiro, cases of gentrification, reappropriation of territories, and occupations. The course offers a critical approach to Latin American modernization, both from a historical and cultural perspective, focusing on discourses of colonialism, hygienization, racial and class stigmatization, and state violence.  

    Prerequisites: Spanish 205 or above 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Winter 2023 · Héctor Melo Ruiz
  • SPAN 385: Riots, Rebellions & Revolutions in Latin America

    Latin American cultural history is one of agitation and turmoil. Since colonial times, Riots, Rebellions, and Revolutions are not only at the center of Latin America’s politics, but also its art, literature, and culture. Through a survey of a representative selection of canonical and non-canonical Latin American texts (including literary pieces, films, pamphlets, periodicals, photographs, among others), this course will examine the intersections between literature, politics of unrest, and intellectuals in Latin America. Students will gain an understanding of fundamental topics of Latin American cultural and political history, including colonialism, modernity, racism, and political resistance.

    6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; offered Winter 2023 · Héctor Melo Ruiz
  • SPAN 400: Integrative Exercise

    6 credits; S/NC; offered Fall 2022, Winter 2023, Spring 2023