It wasn’t until 1960, with the introduction of racial self-identification, that Native Americans were empowered to report their own identity. Since then, the reported population of Native Americans in the United States has increased dramatically. In 2000, for the first time ever, the census permitted individuals to select more than one racial category.

This pamphlet, published by the Census Bureau in cooperation with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, provides a summary of recent upward trends in the Native American population, citing such statistics as the population growth between 1960 and 1970 by 51%.

We, the First Americans cover
US Department of Commerce
Bureau of the Census
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973
Gould Library Government Documents