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Adeeb Khalid

Jane and Raphael Bernstein Professor of Asian Studies and History, History

Education & Professional History

University of Punjab, Lahore, BA; McGill University (Montreal), BA; University of Wisconsin (Madison), MA, PhD

My scholarly work is on modern Central Asia, which lies at the intersection of (and is integrally a part of) both the Muslim and the Russian/Soviet worlds. I teach a variety of courses on Central Asia, Russia, and the Middle East. Thematically, I am interested in issues connected with culture and cultural change, empire and colonialism, and nationhood in its various manifestations.

At Carleton since 1993.

Highlights & Recent Activity

My work centers on the history of the sedentary societies of Central Asia from the time of the Russian conquest of the 1860s to the present. I am particularly interested in the transformations of culture and identity as a result of historical change. The fate of Islam under Tsarist and Soviet rule has occupied a central place in my research.  I am also interested in questions of nationhood and national identity, of empire and colonialism, and of the politics of anticolonialism.

My research has been supported by grants from a number of foundations: the Guggenheim Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, ACCELS/ACTR, the National Council for Eurasian and East European Research, and IREX. I have held visiting research positions at the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme in Paris and at the Kluge Center for Scholars at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC.

Over the years, I have published four books: The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia (University of California Press, 1998); Islam after Communism: Religion and Politics in Central Asia (University of California Press, 2007; reissued with a new afterword in 2014); Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Revolution, and Empire in the Early USSR (Cornell University Press, 2015); and Central Asia: A New History from the Imperial Conquests to the Present (Princeton University Press, 2021). As the name suggests, it  is a general history of Central Asia from the middle of the eighteenth century to the present. It provides an integrated narrative of the “Russian” and “Chinese” parts of Central Asia. If you have the inclination, you can check out a podcast about the book on the New Books Network here or a panel discussion on it hosted by Nazarbayev University in Kazakhstan here. The book has been translated into Chinese, Turkish, and Russian; Italian and Uzbek translations are forthcoming.

Islam after Communism won the 2008 Wayne S. Vucinich Book Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies “for the most important contribution to Russian, Eurasian, and East European studies in any discipline of the humanities or social sciences published in English in the United States in the previous calendar year.” It  has been translated into Russian, Turkish, and Korean. In the fall of 2016, Making Uzbekistan was awarded the Reginald Zelnik Book Prize in History by the same organization. The book also won Honorable mention for the Joseph Rothschild Prize in Nationalism and Ethnic Studies awarded by the Association for the Study of Nationalities. It has been translated into Russian and Uzbek.


Organizations & Scholarly Affiliations

Central Eurasian Studies Society (president, 2005-06)
Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies (member, executive board, 2013-15)
American Historical Association
Association for the Study of Persianate Societies
Ottoman & Turkish Studies Association
European Seminar on Central Asian Studies

Current Courses

  • Fall 2023
    HIST 240: Tsars and Serfs, Cossacks and Revolutionaries: The Empire that was Russia
    HIST 260: The Making of the Modern Middle East
  • Winter 2024
    HIST 165: A Cultural History of the Modern Middle East
    HIST 242: Communism, Cold War, Collapse: Russia Since Stalin
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Curriculum Vitae