• CLAS 100: Living Like a Stoic

    Worried about the state of the world? Could you be happier? Should you be happier? Recent research in positive psychology has established some definite ideas about what makes people happy, but most of these ideas are not new. In fact, publications on happiness often cite ancient philosophers as confirmation for many of their findings. This course will examine the ancient system of thought known as Stoicism to establish the broad principles that form its basis and will offer concrete ways to put those principles into practice in order to achieve happiness, including one mandatory week of living like a Stoic.

    6 credits; Argument and Inquiry Seminar, Writing Requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Chico Zimmerman
  • GRK 101: Elementary Greek

    From the triceratops (“three-horned-face”) to the antarctic (“opposite-the-bear-constellation”), ancient Greek has left traces in our language, literature (epic, tragedy, comedy), ways of organizing knowledge (philosophy, history, physics), and society (democracy, oligarchy, autocracy). It gives access to original texts from ancient Greece, early Christianity, and the Byzantine Empire, not to mention modern scientific terminology. In Greek 101 students will develop knowledge of basic vocabulary and grammar, and will begin reading short passages of prose and poetry. The class will meet five days a week.

    6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Winter 2023 · Jordan Rogers
  • LATN 101: Elementary Latin

    While many claims are made about the benefits of learning Latin, here’s what we know for sure: it’s a beautiful language, both intensely precise and rigorous, as well as poetically expressive and inviting. Spoken by millions in the ancient world and kept continuously “alive” up to the present, Latin provides a window onto an intellectual and cultural landscape that is both foreign and familiar to modern students. This beginning course will develop necessary vocabulary, forms, and grammar that allows students to begin reading short passages of unadulterated prose and poetry from the ancient Roman world right from the start.

    6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Victoria Austen
  • GRK 102: Intermediate Greek

    Study of essential forms and grammar, with reading of original, unadapted passages. Prerequisites: Greek 101 with a grade of at least C- 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Spring 2023 · Chico Zimmerman
  • LATN 102: Intermediate Latin

    Continuation of essential forms and grammar. Prerequisites: Latin 101 with a grade of at least C- or placement 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Winter 2023 · Chico Zimmerman
  • GRK 103: Greek Prose

    Selected prose readings. The course will emphasize review of grammar and include Greek composition. Prerequisites: Greek 102 with a grade of at least C-. 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Jordan Rogers
  • LATN 103: Introduction to Latin Prose and Poetry

    This course completes the formal textbook introduction to the morphology and syntax of Latin. The focus will be on consolidating and applying grammatical concepts learned throughout the Latin sequence to the reading of extended selections of authentic Roman prose and poetry.

    Prerequisites: Latin 102 with a grade of at least C- or placement 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Spring 2023 · Jordan Rogers
  • CLAS 112: The Epic in Classical Antiquity: Texts, Contexts, and Intertexts

    It would be difficult to overstate the importance of the early Greek epics for the classical world and the western literary tradition that emerged from that world. This course will study closely both the Iliad and the Odyssey, as well as Hesiod’s Theogony, and then consider a range of works that draw upon these epics for their creator’s own purposes, including Virgil’s own epic, the Aeneid. By exploring the reception and influence of ancient epic, we will develop an appreciation for intertextuality and the dynamics of reading in general as it applies to generations of readers, including our own.

    6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, Writing Requirement; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 116: Ancient Drama: Truth in Performance

    What is theater for? Enormous and diverse audiences flocked to tragedy and comedy in Athens, drawn to the spectacle, music, and collective emotional experience. But drama also pushed the city to consider fundamental questions about power, conflicting values, competing obligations to family and community. Athenians believed that theater was beneficial to their democracy. Can these ancient plays help us, now, think about our own communal questions? This course will focus on plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Aristophanes as they were first performed, and investigate how modern productions engage pressing current questions around race, immigration, and social justice.

    6 credits; Arts Practice, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 117: From Stage to Screen: Adapting Greek Tragedy

    The terms “reboot,” “retelling,” and “adaptation” are all over TV and film. While some adaptations are praised for their creativity with the source material, others are panned. So what makes an adaptation good or bad? In this class, we will approach this question through Greek tragedy. We will read plays such as Oedipus Tyrannus, Antigone, Medea, and the Oresteia in translation alongside films from around the world in order to understand how directors and writers relate these ancient works to their own settings and struggles, decade after decade.

    6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 119: Under the Ashes of Vesuvius

    Pompeii, a Roman town famously destroyed but uniquely preserved by the Vesuvian eruption of 79CE, has traditionally been viewed as a quintessential example of the ancient Roman urban experience. But how ‘Roman’ was Pompeii? In this class, we will examine how evidence from that buried city contributes to our understanding of Roman art and architecture, and the everyday use of urban space; and how this, in turn, can help us interrogate what it meant to be ‘Roman’ in the ancient Mediterranean world.

    6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; offered Winter 2023 · Victoria Austen
  • CLAS 122: The Archaeology of Mediterranean Prehistory: From the Beginning to the Classical Age

    “Never say that prehistory is not history.” The late Fernand Braudel had it right. Over 99 percent of human history predates the written word, and this course examines one of the world’s most diverse, yet unifying environments–the Mediterranean Sea–from the earliest populations around its shores to the emergence of the Classical world of the Greeks and Romans. Neanderthals and modern humans, the first artists and farmers, multiculturalism among Greeks, Phoenicians, Etruscans, and others… These are some of the topics to be covered as we study the precursors and roots of what would become “Western” civilization. 6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 123: Greek Archaeology and Art

    This course explores the archaeology and art of the Ancient Greek world. Beginning with prehistory, we will track the development of the material culture of Ancient Greece through the Classical and Hellenistic periods, and conclude by discussing aspects of the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires that followed. We will focus throughout on aspects of archaeological practice, material culture and text, art and society, long-term social change, and the role of the past in the present.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies, Quantitative Reasoning Encounter; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 124: Roman Archaeology and Art

    The material worlds of the ancient Romans loom large in our cultural imagination. No other civilization has made as direct a contribution to our own political system or to its physical vestiges of power and authority. From the architecture of the state to visual narratives of propaganda, Roman influence is ubiquitous in the monuments of western civilization. But what were the origins of the Romans? Their innovations? Their technical, artistic, and ideological achievements? How are they relevant today? This course explores these questions and more through the archaeology of the eternal city and beyond.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 130: The Greek and Latin Roots of English

    We speak it every day on campus, and it is the second most common language on the planet, but where did English come from? While its basic grammar is Germanic, much of its vocabulary—probably around 60 percent—comes from Greek and Latin. This course explores the varied and fascinating contributions that these two languages have made to English, focusing on the basic building blocks of words—bases, prefixes, and suffixes—while also considering the many routes the Classical languages have taken to enter modern English. This course is suitable for students of science, linguistics, and literature, as well as language lovers generally.

    6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 145: Ancient Greek Religion

    Greek religion played a crucial role in how the ancient Greeks understood the world around them. Mythology and cosmology shaped their understanding of how the world worked, while the ritual of sacrifice formed the basis of the social fabric underpinning all aspects of Greek society. In this course we will learn about Greece’s polytheistic belief system–its gods and religious rites–as well as examining how religion shaped the daily lives of ordinary Greeks, often in surprising ways. We will read the works of ancient authors such as Homer and Hesiod, study the archaeological remains of sacred sites, inscriptions, and curse tablets, as well as engage with experimental archaeology.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; offered Spring 2023 · Jake Morton
  • CLAS 175: Writing the City of Rome: Image, Text, and Site

    Ancient Rome has occupied a unique place in the Western consciousness for over 2000 years. It is a city that has inspired many texts, and both its physical fabric and symbolic nature have been reworked and rethought by archaeologists, historians, and literary critics alike. For the ancients, ‘Rome’ took on meaning not just from its concrete monuments, but also from the literary motifs and symbols it evoked. In this class, we will consider how Rome is used as both a setting and inspiration for Latin poetry, and consider how poets both represented and created an image of ‘Rome’.

    6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; offered Spring 2023 · Victoria Austen
  • GRK 204: Intermediate Greek Prose and Poetry

    The goal for Intermediate Greek Prose and Poetry is to gain experience in the three major modes of Greek expression most often encountered “in the wild”—prose, poetry, and inscriptions—while exploring the notion of happiness and the good life. By combining all three modes into this one course, we hope both to create a suitable closure to the language sequence and to provide a reasonable foundation for further exploration of Greek literature and culture.

    Prerequisites: Greek 103 with a grade of at least C- 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Winter 2023 · Jake Morton
  • LATN 204: Intermediate Latin Prose and Poetry

    What are the “rules” of friendship? Would you do anything for a friend? Anything? The ancient Romans were no strangers to the often paradoxical demands of friendship and love. The goal for Intermediate Latin Prose and Poetry is to gain experience in the three major modes of Latin expression most often encountered “in the wild”—prose, poetry, and inscriptions—while exploring the notion of friendship. By combining all three modes into this one course, we hope both to create a suitable closure to the language sequence and to provide a reasonable foundation for further exploration of Roman literature and culture.

    Prerequisites: Latin 103 with a grade of at least C- or placement 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Chico Zimmerman
  • CLAS 214: Gender and Sexuality in Classical Antiquity

    In both ancient Greece and Rome, gender (along with class and citizenship status) largely determined what people did, where they spent their time, and how they related to others. This course will examine the ways in which Greek and Roman societies defined gender categories, and how they used them to think about larger social, political, and religious issues. Primary readings from Greek and Roman epic, lyric, and drama, as well as ancient historical, philosophical, and medical writers; in addition we will explore a range of secondary work on the topic from the perspectives of Classics and Gender Studies.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, Writing Requirement, International Studies, Quantitative Reasoning Encounter; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 215: Ancient Greek and Roman Sexuality

    In this course we will question whether or not the ancient Greeks and Romans defined “sexuality” by object-choice, whether they understood sexuality as an integral component of one’s personal identity, and whether they had a concept of “sexuality” as we currently understand it. Emphasis will be on primary texts that demonstrate notions of sexual normativity and/or identity, such as Aristophanes’ Thesmophoriazousae, Plato’s Symposium, Aeschines’ Against Timarchos, and poetry of Sappho, Catullus, Ovid, Martial, and Juvenal. We will also read modern critical theorists (Foucault, Halperin, Richlin, Winkler), and will interrogate their arguments.

    6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • GRK 220: Euripides

    We will read Euripides’ Helen in Greek, in which the tragedian creates a plot around the non-standard version of events: Helen never went to Troy, she spent the entire war in Egypt; the Greeks and Trojans were fooled by a simulacrum. The resulting play is a tragicomedy or a romantitragedy that deliberately skews literary expectations. We will read a number of Euripides’ other extant tragedies in English, as well as critical studies that examine key issues in Euripidean criticism: the genre of tragedy, Euripides’ depiction of women, and the role of rhetoric in late fifth-century Athens.

    Prerequisites: Greek 204 or the equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 220: From the Horn to Melqart’s Pillars: African Perspectives in the Ancient Mediterranean

    Histories of the classical world often focus on the cultures of Greece and Rome, situated on the northern shores of the Mediterranean. But what can we discover if we ‘flip’ our map of the Mediterranean, putting African perspectives on top? In this class, we will engage with the artistic, literary, and archaeological evidence left to us by the Mediterranean societies of classical Africa, as well as the ways in which these societies are depicted by Greek and Roman sources. Topics covered include ancient Egypt, the colonial “middle ground” of North Africa, and other African cultures on the Mediterranean periphery.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, Writing Requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Jordan Rogers
  • GRK 225: Creating Family in Ancient Athens

    What is a family and why does it matter? How is it created and who defines it? In this class we will read selections from a range of Greek literature—in the original and in translation—to determine our own answers to these questions.  Texts such as the Theogony, Sophocles’ Antigone, and Euripides’ Andromache, Xenophon’s Oeconomicus, and Aristotle’s Politics will guide us in our exploration of the political and personal motivations behind the way Athens defined and regulated families.

    Prerequisites: Greek 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 227: Athens, Sparta, Persia and the Battle for Greece

    Forged in the crucible of wars fought between cultures with diametrically opposed views on politics and society, the fifth century BC witnessed arts, philosophy, and science all flourish in thrilling new ways. The two radically different Greek states of Athens and Sparta first teamed up to defeat the invading Persian empire. While this shocking victory spurred their respective cultures to new heights, their political aspirations drove them to turn on each other and fight a series of wars over control of Greece–all the while with Persia waiting in the wings. We will study these events against the backdrop of the political, intellectual, and cultural achievements of Athens, Sparta and Persia, drawing on the rich body of literature and material culture from this period.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 229: Warlords and the Collapse of the Roman Republic

    The class will investigate the factors that led a Republican government that had lasted for 700 years to fall apart, leading to twenty years of civil war that only ended with the rise of a totalitarian dictatorship. We will look at the economic, social, military, and religious factors that played key roles in this dynamic political period. We will also trace the rise and influence of Roman warlords, politicians, and personalities and how they changed Roman politics and society. We will study many of the greatest characters in Roman history, as well as the lives of everyday Romans in this turbulent time.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 230: The Rise and Fall of the Great Hellenistic Kingdoms

    Alexander the Great united the Greek states by force before waging a ten-year campaign that brought Greek influence all the way to India. In the aftermath of Alexander’s death, his generals divided the world into kingdoms. These kingdoms presided over an extraordinary flourishing of arts and science over the next 300 years. However, this period also saw these kingdoms continuously strive for domination over one another until they were ultimately dominated by the rising power of Rome. This class will explore one of the most exciting periods in ancient history, a time of great cultural achievements, larger than life characters, and devastating conflicts.

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • GRK 231: Homer: The Iliad

    Homer is perhaps the foundational poet of the western canon, and his work has been justly admired since its emergence out of the oral tradition of bardic recitation in the eighth century BCE. This course will sample key events and passages from the Iliad, exploring the fascinating linguistic and metrical features of the epic dialect, as well as the major thematic elements of this timeless story of conflict and reconciliation during the war at Troy. 

    Prerequisites: Greek 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; not offered 2022–2023
  • LATN 233: The Catilinarian Conspiracy

    In 63 BC, a frustrated Roman nobleman named Catiline attempted to start a revolution to overthrow the Roman government, only to be exposed and stopped by the politician Cicero. At least, that is how Cicero depicts it, and we will read part of Cicero’s speech that led to Catiline’s condemnation. However, we will also read the contemporary Roman historian Sallust’s magisterial account of the events which reveals a more complicated story about both Catiline and the senators’ response. These are two of the greatest works in Latin literature and reading them together will allow us to investigate what really happened in 63 BC.

    Prerequisites: Latin 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • LATN 234: Julius Caesar: the Gallic and Civil Wars

    Julius Caesar spent ten years campaigning in Gaul before being called back to Rome to face a splintered Republic and protracted Civil War. Caesar wrote fascinating accounts of both these wars, going beyond tactics to include ethnography, allegories of the Roman Republic in foreign societies, and analysis of why and how the civil war erupted and who was responsible. We will read significant portions of Caesar’s Gallic War and Civil War, as well as writings about Caesar by contemporaneous authors. Caesar’s elegant and clear prose belies a complex explanation and justification of the collapse of the Republic.

    Prerequisites: Latin 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; not offered 2022–2023
  • LATN 236: Plautus and Roman Comedy

    Mistaken identities, forbidden trysts, and a healthy dose of punny humor characterize many of the comedic plays of the Roman playwright Plautus. In this class, we will read the entirety of one of Plautus’ plays, Mostellaria (“The Haunted House”) in Latin, while reading selections from several other plays in English. Along the way, we will stop to consider the influence of Greek comedies on Plautus’, the importance of comedic performance to Roman society, the settings and venues of these performances, and the social status of comedic performers, all to come to a fuller understanding of Plautus’ language and plays.

    Prerequisites: Latin 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 240: Rome: From Village to Superpower

    This class will investigate how Rome rose from a humble village of outcasts and refugees to become the preeminent power in the entire Mediterranean. We will trace Rome’s political evolution from kings to the Republic, alongside their gradual takeover of the Italian peninsula. We will study how Rome then swiftly overpowered what had been the most powerful kingdoms in the Mediterranean and established themselves as dominant. Who were these Romans and what were their political, military, religious, and social systems that enabled them to accomplish so much? What critical events shaped their development and ultimately led to total political control of the Mediterranean world?

    6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry, International Studies; offered Winter 2023 · Jake Morton
  • GRK 240: Xenophon’s Oeconomicus

    While ostensibly a dialogue about how to manage one’s household (oikos), Xenophon’s Oeconomicus provides valuable insights into the ideology of land-ownership in classical Greece. In this class, we will read significant portions of Xenophon’s Oeconomicus in Greek as well as other texts, in English and Greek, that explore household economics. Throughout, we will consider what Xenophon’s text reveals about perceptions of gender roles within the home, notions of citizenship, the role of education, and the institution of slavery in the ancient world. Students will also work together to produce a student commentary of the text.

    Prerequisites: Greek 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis, International Studies; offered Spring 2023 · Jordan Rogers
  • LATN 243: Medieval Latin

    This course offers students an introduction to post-classical Latin (250-1450) through readings in prose and poetry drawn from a variety of genres and periods. Students will also gain experience with medieval Latin paleography and codicology through occasional workshops in Special Collections.

    Prerequisites: Latin 204 or equivalent, Latin placement exam or instructor’s permission 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; not offered 2022–2023
  • GRK 245: Herodotus’s Histories

    In this course we will read and examine selections from Herodotus’s Histories in Greek, as well as the whole of the work in English. We will explore questions about historiography, culture, ethnicity, ancient warfare, contact between Greece and Persia, among other issues.

    Prerequisites: Greek 204 or the equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; not offered 2022–2023
  • LATN 255: Biography, History, and Empire in Tacitus’ Agricola

    How is it possible to be a good person in a morally deficient system? Part biography, part history, part eulogy, and part invective against Roman Emperor Domitian, Tacitus’ Agricola charts the life and military accomplishments of the author’s father-in-law, Gnaeus Julius Agricola, in modern-day Britain. In conversation with other readings in English, we will engage closely with the style and language of the text in Latin as we explore the constraints and possibilities of genre, Tacitus’ understanding of geography and ethnicity.

    Prerequisites: Latin 204 or equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; offered Winter 2023 · Jordan Rogers
  • LATN 259: Seminar: Vergil

    Intensive study of selections from Vergil. May be offered simultaneously with Latin 359 without the supplemental assignments for advanced students. Prerequisites: Latin 204 or the equivalent 6 credits; Literary/Artistic Analysis; not offered 2022–2023
  • GRK 285: Weekly Greek

    This course is intended for students who have completed Greek 204 (or equivalent) and wish to maintain and deepen their language skills. Students will meet weekly to review prepared passages, as well as reading at sight. Actual reading content will be determined prior to the start of term by the instructor in consultation with the students who have enrolled. There will be brief, periodic assessments of language comprehension throughout the term. 

    Prerequisites: Greek 204 or equivalent 2 credits; S/CR/NC; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022, Winter 2023 · Chico Zimmerman, Clara Hardy
  • LATN 285: Weekly Latin

    This course is intended for students who have completed Latin 204 (or equivalent) and wish to maintain and deepen their language skills. Students will meet weekly to review prepared passages, as well as reading at sight. Actual reading content will be determined prior to the start of term by the instructor in consultation with the students who have enrolled. There will be brief, periodic assessments of language comprehension throughout the term. 

    Prerequisites: Latin 204 or equivalent 2 credits; S/CR/NC; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022, Spring 2023 · Chico Zimmerman, Clara Hardy
  • CLAS 385: Islands in Time: Insular Life, Culture, and History in the Mediterranean World

    The Mediterranean is a world of islands, par excellence. This is particularly true of the classical world, when island polities, sanctuaries, and destinations played crucial roles in several aspects of social life and cultural production. This seminar examines what’s special about islands and why and how they came to be places of such significance in the ancient Mediterranean. We will begin with some consideration of our sources and theories of insularity, then move into thematic and conceptual discussions of island biogeography and efflorescence; islands in myth and as political and religious spaces; and islands as strategic territories and connective nodes. Topics in the second part of the class will to a large extent be driven by student interests.

    Prerequisites: At least two previous Classics courses or instructor consent 6 credits; Humanistic Inquiry; not offered 2022–2023
  • CLAS 386: Classical Myth: Theory, Function, Afterlife

    Stories of gods, heroes and monsters were a pervasive part of life in ancient Greece and Rome, integrated into landscape, the built environment and cultural practice from ritual worship to informal storytelling, and they have retained their power to fascinate through subsequent eras. This seminar will investigate the roles myth played in the ancient world, drawing on literary, historical and archaeological evidence, as well as the most prominent theoretical frameworks for interpreting myths, and some examples of modern adaptations. Topics in the second half of the course will be driven by student interests as they develop their own research and present it at the department Symposium.

    Prerequisites: At least two courses in Classics or instructor consent 6 credits; Does not fulfill a curricular exploration requirement; offered Fall 2022 · Clara Hardy
  • CLAS 400: Senior Research Project

    From topics developed in Classics 384, 385, 386, or 387, departmental majors will expand and refine their research into articles to be submitted to a journal of professional style, accepted and edited by the group into a presentable volume.

    Prerequisites: Classics 384, Classics 385, Classics 386 or Classics 387 3 credits; S/NC; offered Winter 2023 · Chico Zimmerman