Physical Education, Athletics, and Recreation

Professors: Mary Easter, Leon Lunder, Chair and Athletic Director, Bob Sullivan, William Terriquez, Mylla Urban

Associate Professors: Guy A. Kalland, Eileen Reading

Assistant Professors: Andrew M. Clark, Elizabeth Young Jarnigan, Donna M. Ricks, Gerald L. Young

Instructor: Sarah E. Hurst

Description of Program:

The Physical Education Program includes a variety of activity courses from which the student may select. Emphasis is on a "sports for all'' approach in hopes that each person will discover that physical activity can contribute to his/her well being now and in the future. Lifetime sports such as swimming, racquetball, tennis, aerobics, badminton, golf, skiing (downhill and cross country), and skating are particularly popular. To accommodate those who would prefer a team sport experience, classes in volleyball, basketball, frisbee, and hockey are offered. Weight training, aerobics, jogging, and cycling classes help those who wish to work on various components of their fitness. Classes are coed and instruction is given at beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels.

Courses are provided for those seeking American Red Cross certification in First Aid including CPR, Life Guard Training, and Water Safety Instructor.

Students interested in dance can elect to specialize in modern dance or ballet. Folk, social, jazz, and tap dance classes are also popular (see Studies in Dance elsewhere in the Catalog for dance courses which may be taken for academic credit).


Four terms of physical education are required for graduation. Students are encouraged to complete these four courses by the end of the sophomore year. Classes usually meet twice a week. Students choose their activity class from a large selection of courses each term but may not receive credit for more than one Physical Education activity in any one given term. Physical Education credit may be earned for participation on a club team that meets the requirements stipulated by the department. Each club may be granted credit in only one term each academic year. During his/her time at Carleton, any student may receive only two of the required four PE credits by participating in a club sport. The maximum two club credits may be received in the same or different club sports.

Since swimming is a life saving skill, each student must also pass the survival test in swimming unless excused by the College Health Service. This survival test consists of one minute treading, one minute back floating, and five minutes of continuous swimming. If a student cannot pass the test, it is recommended that he/she take a beginning swim class. Instructional classes are offered every term.


Classes and groups meet in the most ideal setting possible, making use of Cowling Recreation Center, West Gymnasium, Laird Stadium, Arb and Bell Field Tennis Courts, various outdoor playing fields around the campus and several off-campus sites. Physical Education classes, varsity teams, clubs, and intramurals are all tightly scheduled since the usage demands are very heavy.

Intercollegiate Athletics:

Carleton sponsors intercollegiate varsity teams for both men and women in the following sports: Basketball, Cross Country, Track and Field (indoor and outdoor), Alpine Skiing, Nordic Skiing, Soccer, Swimming/Diving, Golf and Tennis.

Men only: Baseball, Football, Wrestling

Women only: Softball, Volleyball

Physical Education credit can be earned for participation on an intercollegiate team. Candidates for athletic teams should have a current physical examination prior to the start of practice in their sport.

The College does not accept financial responsibility for medical, surgical, or other expenses arising out of athletic injuries which exceeds the care provided through the College Health Services and/or our authorized Athletic Trainer.

Carleton is a member of the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference which participates in Division III of the NCAA.

Intramural Sports:

A varied program is offered to meet the needs and interests as expressed by the student body. Most intramurals are co-ed and are offered with several intensity levels. The program includes:

Fall: Ultimate Frisbee, Badminton, Floor Hockey, Team Tennis

Winter: Indoor Soccer, Ice Hockey, Broomball, Basketball, Badminton

Spring: Volleyball, Ultimate Frisbee, Softball, Floor Hockey, Team Tennis

All terms: The swim, bike, run, ski and stay fit program.


Student directed organizations allow interest groups to flourish in the following activities:

Competitive: Co-ed Fencing, Co-ed Field Hockey, Men's and Women's Ultimate Frisbee, Men's and Women's Ice Hockey, Co-ed Indoor Soccer, Men's and Women's Lacrosse, Men's Volleyball, Co-ed Water Polo, Co-ed Cycling, Synchronized Swimming, Men's and Women's Rugby

Non-competitive: Aikido, Karate, Tae Kwon Do, Dolphins (synchronized swimming), Social Dance, Folk Dance, Equestrian, Kalochorus, Ebony and Dance Ensemble, Juggling, Gymnastics

Curriculum: All activity classes are offered on a S/NC basis.

101. Aerobics
Basic dance steps, calisthenic-type movements and locomotor skills (running, jumping, hopping, skipping, etc.) are combined into vigorous routines which are performed to the beat of popular music. All classes offer components of strength development, flexibility and cardio-vascular fitness. No experience necessary. Wear comfortable clothes and shoes with good support (no running shoes).
Fall, Winter and Spring

102. Aerobics, Aquacize
The major emphasis of this course is on low-impact aerobic activity. Movements are performed utilizing the resistance of the water rather than jumping and bouncing. Shallow and deep water exercises which develop flexibility, muscular strength and endurance are also included. Although advanced swimming skills are not required, a beginning level of swimming proficiency is highly recommended.
Winter, Spring

103. Aikido, Beginning
Having gradually developed from the traditions of the Japanese Samurai warrior, Aikido is a "soft'' martial art, with an emphasis on philosophy, exploration and creation of harmonious action with a partner. Students learn to fall (without hurting themselves), roll, follow and lead. The class meets in conjunction with the Aikido Club. An additional fee of $20-25 is required.
Fall, Winter and Spring

104. Aikido, Advanced
Training in empty-hand techniques are continued, and weapon techniques are introduced. More varieties of breakfalls are learned as the emphasis of the class shifts to higher-level techniques. Prerequisite: Beginning Aikido.
Fall, Winter, Spring

105. Badminton
Fundamental skills of the game are presented (serve, clear, drop shot, smash and drive). Various drills are used to improve skills, with ample opportunity for play. Rules and strategy for both singles and doubles are stressed. Open to all abilities. All equipment is furnished.

107. Ballet I
A beginning course in the technique of ballet, it includes beginning patterns, basic positions and exercises. Students develop an awareness of the many ways their body can move, an appreciation of dance as an artistic expression and a recognition of the dancer as an athlete.
Fall, Winter and Spring

108. Ballet II
For the student with previous dance experience this course emphasizes articulation of the technique and development of ballet vocabulary and movement theories. Opportunity to continue to work on technique and to more finely tune the awareness of movement begun in Level I.
Fall, Winter and Spring

109. Ballet III
This is an advanced class for students who have some capabilities and proficiency in technique. Content is sophisticated and demanding in its use of ballet vocabulary and musical phrasing.

111. Basketball, Three on Three
Open to all who enjoy basketball and have a basic understanding of the game. Stress will be placed upon vigorous activity though instruction will be given on basic rules, strategy and skill improvement drills. This course offers an opportunity for a great workout in a co-ed team setting.

115. Canoeing
No experience needed, but should be able to swim well enough to be comfortable in the water. Transportation and all equipment provided. Classes will be held at Riverside Park on the Cannon River and nearby lakes, and will cover basic canoeing skills and practice related to flat water canoeing.
Fall, Spring

117. Cote Fitness
Students are tested (aerobic condition, strength, blood pressure, flexibility, and body fat) at the beginning and end of the term. Individualized exercise programs are established based on test results and goal setting by the students.
Fall and Winter

119. Cycling, Recreational
The class is geared to beginning, recreational cyclists, not the competitive cyclist. No experience is necessary. Students must provide their own bicycles. Helmets are mandatory. Information on equipment, repair of equipment, and rules of the road are interspersed with opportunities to develop fitness by riding the various routes around Northfield.
Fall and Spring

121-00. Fencing, Beginning
An instructional class for beginners. Students learn footwork, techniques and simple attacks and defense. Foils, masks and fencing jackets are provided. Students are encouraged to continue with intermediate fencing to further develop skills.
Fall, Winter and Spring

121-03. Fencing, Intermediate
More advanced students continue to improve their foil fencing skills through instruction, practice and competition. Students also have opportunity to learn epee and sabre weapons as well. Fencing Club is available to those who wish to continue with their interest after the class.
Fall, Winter and Spring

122. Field Hockey
Fundamental field hockey skills such as dribbling passing, and shooting will be the focus of the course. Geared toward beginners, all equipment is supplied.
Not offered in 1997-1998.

123. Floor Hockey
This course offers an opportunity to get a vigorous workout in a co-ed team sport. Played on the gym floor with plastic sticks and puck, players are constantly in motion. Teamwork in the scoring of goals is stressed, along with basic skills and strategies. Students must wear court shoes that will not mark the floor (no black-soled running shoes). Other equipment is provided.

125. Folk Dance
Folk Dance includes a variety of dances of varying intricacy from around the world. No experience necessary.
Fall, Winter and Spring

127. Frisbee, Beginning Ultimate
For the beginning or moderately experienced player who wants to develop basic skills. See what all the fuss is about. If a golden retriever can do it, so can you!
Fall and Spring

129. Golf, Instructional
Basic instruction and opportunities to improve your game are provided. All equipment is provided. Experience not necessary.
Fall and Spring

130. Advanced Golf
For students who have experience with the fundamentals of the swing and the game and have also played (several times) on regulation golf courses. Each student must have (or have access to) their own set of clubs.

131. Ice Hockey
This course is designed to give men and women the opportunity to play ice hockey together in a fun and non-competitive setting. Absolutely no body checking or rough play is allowed. Skill development in skating, stick handling, passing and shooting is stressed as well as position play and rules necessary to ensure the safety of the participants. Helmets are recommended and furnished. Students must provide their own skates and hockey sticks. Highly accomplished or "hard-core'' hockey players have no place in this class.

133. Ice Skating, Beginning
The class is divided into several ability groups with an instructor assigned to each small group. Figure skating skills are presented in progressive order allowing individuals to move along at their own pace. Classes meet outdoors on the Bald Spot rink. Students must provide their own figure skates.

134. Ice Skating, Intermediate
Designed for students with previous skating experience, this course develops skills with emphasis on edges, backward stroking, basic combinations, jumps and figures. Classes meet outdoors on the Bald Spot rink. Students must provide their own figure skates.

136. Independent Activities
Independent Activity provides an opportunity for seniors who want a self-directed program of regular activity working toward a personal goal. Students design their own program which includes activity four times per week, maintaining a log of their progress, and meeting periodically with an advisor. Successful completion requires strong self discipline. The course may be taken only once for PE credit and is limited to upperclass students with special circumstances. Permission of the instructor is required.
Fall, Winter and Spring

138. Jazz Dance
An introduction to basic styles and dynamics of jazz dance. Prerequisites include one term of ballet or modern dance or permission of the instructor. The dancer is encouraged and challenged to use technique in a highly rhythmic style.
Fall, Winter, Spring

140. Jogging
This is a great class in which to develop a fitness program for yourself and meet others with similar goals. No experience is necessary. Workouts are individualized. To get maximum benefit, you should plan to jog twice a week independently in addition to twice a week in class.

142. Karate
An art of self-defense which originated in Okinawa. Karate involves mastering techniques, sharpening concentration and refining one's spirit. Karate develops self-confidence and self-discipline while providing a solid workout. Ideally, the Karateka carries a clarity of concentration and serenity of spirit every day in whatever she/he is doing. Beginners are welcome and appreciated.
Fall, Winter and Spring

144. Lacrosse
Fundamental lacrosse skills such as cradling, catching and throwing will be the focus of the first several weeks of the term. Participants will later participate on teams in scrimmages. This course is geared toward beginners and all equipment will be provided. Because of its non-contact style of play, women's lacrosse rules will be taught and strictly adhered to in this class.

146. Life Guard Training
American Red Cross course that encompasses training in aquatic safety and rescue skills. On successful completion of the course, participants will receive 2 certifications: one for A.R.C. Lifeguard Training (includes First Aid), valid for 3 years, and the second for A.R.C. C.P.R. for the Professional Rescuer, valid for one year. In order to be eligible for this course, students must demonstrate competence in the basic swimming strokes (front crawl, breaststroke, & sidestroke), be able to tread water (without use of hands/arms) for 2 minutes and exhibit an ability to swim under water to depths of at least 9 feet. The course is approximately 35 hours in length, with 80% of the class time spent in the pool and 20% in the classroom.
Fall and Spring

147. Moving Anatomy
This course seeks to provide an underlying awareness of body structure and function. Using movement to expand knowledge of our anatomy will encourage participants to integrate information with experience. Heightened body awareness and class studies are designed to activate the general learning process.
Fall and Winter

148. Modern Dance I
A physical exploration at the introductory level of the elements of dance: time, motion, space, shape and energy. Students are challenged physically as they increase their bodily awareness, balance, control, strength and flexibility and get a glimpse of the art of dance.
Fall, Winter and Spring

149. Modern Dance II
Builds upon the concepts and experiences in Level I with more emphasis on the development of technique and expressive qualities as students are aided in a process of solving movement problems and finding solutions. Movement combinations are more complex and physical demands are challenging.
Fall, Winter and Spring

151. Modern Dance III
Continues to challenge the dance student with more intensive work on technical, theoretical and expressive movement problems. Since students are more able and experienced, exploration of unusual and intricate forms and movements is possible and the goal of each class is to go as deeply into each idea as the limits of time and ability allow.
Fall, Winter and Spring

152. Mountain Biking
Not offered in 1997-1998.

153. Orienteering
Learn to use a compass and maps, and enjoy the beauty of the Arb. No experience needed. This is a great class for anyone planning an outing this summer in the mountains or Boundary Waters.
Fall and Spring

155. Racquetball
The rules and strategies of singles and doubles are covered along with instruction and the opportunity to drill on basic skills. Match play is stressed and vigorous activity is an ever present goal. The course will accommodate different levels of play but is designed primarily for beginners and those who don't mind playing on less than perfect courts. The department provides rackets, balls and the required protective eye wear.

159. Scuba
Padi Open Water SCUBA certification can be earned. The class is divided into three parts: class, pool and open water. The classroom and pool portions cost $120 and are conducted at the West Gym classroom and Thorpe Pool. The open water portion (optional for PE activity credit but required for PADI certification) is conducted off campus and costs an additional $95. Course fees include books and use of all equipment needed for certification.
Fall and Spring

161. Self Defense for Women
Taught by Mary Brandl, a third degree Black Belt with the Midwest Karate Association. Course consists of learning basic techniques (kicking, striking, blocking and shifting moves), analyzing and decision making in a crisis, and the role body language, eye contact and assertiveness can play in threatening and attack situations. There will be controlled practice drills with partners.
Fall and Spring

163. Skiing, Cross Country
Open to all levels of ability and experience. The classes use the arboretum, athletic fields and Nerstrand State Park to work on basic techniques of Nordic skiing. This is a great class to learn how to enjoy a Minnesota winter! Students must provide their own equipment.

165. Skiing, Downhill
Students are transported by bus once a week for a three hour off-campus ski afternoon at nearby Afton Alps. Students may elect to take an instructional class or decide to simply use this as an opportunity to ski on their own. Professional ski instructors provide small group lessons for all levels of skill. Students purchase their own lift tickets (at a reduced rate) and those needing to rent equipment or desiring lessons are charged a fee (at a reduced rate) by the ski area for those options. A bus fee is required to hold your place in this class.

167. Social Dance I
Provides instruction in basic steps and patterns of ballroom dance such as fox trot, waltz, and lindy. No previous experience is needed. Additional opportunities are provided by the Social Dance Club.
Fall, Winter and Spring

168. Social Dance II
Provides a progression from the basics and begins to move into more rhythmically advanced dances and specialty moves. Previous experience or completion of Social Dance I is required. Additional opportunities are provided by the Social Dance Club.
Fall, Winter, Spring

170. Squash
Students are introduced to this fast-paced racquet sport. Played on a court similar to racquetball, squash involves eye-hand coordination and quick reflexes. In general, the smaller squash ball and longer squash racquet create a game faster and more reactive than its relative, racquetball, This class will cover basic stroke production, rules and strategies of the game. Geared toward beginners, all equipment is furnished.

172. Swimming, Fitness
Designed for the accomplished swimmer who desires a vigorous workout as a means of improving or maintaining cardiovascular fitness. Instruction covers stroke mechanics, drills, use of training equipment and general workout design. Students must have the ability to swim front crawl, backstroke, and breaststroke.
Fall and Winter

173. Swimming, Instructional
For the absolute beginner through intermediate level swimmer who desires to learn how to swim or to improve their skill in the water. Students are taught in small groups with others at the same level of proficiency. Beginners overcome fears and learn basic skills such as floating, treading water and several strokes. Intermediates perfect skills already learned and gain endurance and strength.
Fall, Winter and Spring

178. Tae Kwon Do
The traditional martial art of Korea. The class meets in conjunction with the Tae Kwon Do Club. Its goal is to strengthen the physical and mental abilities of its members. Tae Kwon Do offers a well-balanced practical approach to training, promoting physical fitness, self control, confidence, leadership, discipline and an understanding of the art of Tae Kwon Do and the Korean culture from which it originated.
Fall, Winter and Spring

180. Tap Dance
All you need are two feet that will move and two shoes with taps to put on those feet.
Not offered in 1997-1998.

182. Tennis, Beginning
This is the introductory class for those wanting to learn the game of tennis. Instruction includes basic stroke techniques, basic strategies, rules and scoring. Students must provide their own rackets and suitable shoes.
Fall and Spring

183. Tennis, Intermediate
This course is for players who have mastered the basics of the game. Previous experience or Beginning Tennis class required. Instruction in more advanced techniques and strategies for both singles and doubles, as well as match opportunities are provided. Students must provide their own rackets and suitable shoes.
Fall and Spring

186. Tennis, Advanced
This course offers a series of one day seminars on advanced topics and stresses match play. Prerequisites include Intermediate Tennis, previous competitive playing experience or permission of the instructor. Students must provide their own racket and suitable playing shoes.

188. Triathlon Training
An excellent preparation for the "Carleton Triathlon'' held at the end of May. Students will learn how to effectively train in each of the three traditional sports of triathlon (swim, bike, run). Instruction covers basic training principles, technique development, competitive preparation. This course is open to all levels of experience from novice to advanced. Students must possess a minimal amount of skill and conditioning in the three sports prior to enrollment.

190. Volleyball, Co-ed
Open to all experience levels. It provides an introduction to basic volleyball skills, rules, and offensive/defensive strategies within a structure that provides both skill practice and scrimmage opportunities. There is an emphasis on teamwork and social interaction.
Fall, Winter and Spring

192. Water Safety Instructor
American Red Cross certification course for those wishing to teach swimming and water safety classes. In order to be eligible to participate in this course, students must pass a precourse written test and skills test. The written test and skills test are based on a proficiency level equal to the American Red Cross Community Water Safety course and Level VI of the American Red Cross Learn to Swim Program. Although not mandatory, all instructor candidates should have current certification in first aid and CPR. This course requires time outside of class for teaching experiences. Certification is acquired by successfully passing all written tests and skillful demonstration of all required aquatic skills.

194. Weight Training
Students are given individualized programs using both machines and free weights based on individual goals and a physical assessment measured at the beginning and end of the course. Instruction in technique and training principles is given.
Fall, Winter and Spring

195. Weight Training, Advanced
Students are given instruction in advanced training principles and technique in free weights and machines. For students with some weight training experience.
Not offered in 1997-1998.

196. Weight Training for Women
This class is designed to introduce women students to the weight training facilities in a smaller group setting. Women students will learn to set up weight training programs based on a physical assessment done at the beginning of the course and the students' individual goals. Introduction technique and training principles are given as well as basic nutritional, health and wellness information.

198. Winter Camping
In the classroom setting, students learn the basics of camping in a winter environment; and then use those skills during an overnight outing. Skills include basic campcraft, snowcave building, snow shoeing and rudimentary cross country skiing.
Not offered in 1997-1998.

Clubs and Intercollegiate Teams (0 credits)

210. Baseball Intercollegiate, Men

211. Basketball Intercollegiate, Men

212. Basketball Intercollegiate, Women

217. Cross Country Intercollegiate, Men

218. Cross Country Intercollegiate, Women

219. Cycling Club

220. Crew Club

221. Fencing Club

222. Field Hockey Club, Co-ed

226. Football Intercollegiate, Men

227. Frisbee Club, Men

228. Frisbee Club, Women

229. Golf Intercollegiate, Co-ed
Fall and Spring

231. Ice Hockey Club, Men

232. Ice Hockey Club, Women

244. Lacrosse Club, Men

245. Lacrosse Club, Women

258. Rugby Club, Men

259. Rugby Club, Women

263. Skiing/Nordic Intercollegiate, Co-ed

265. Skiing/Alpine Intercollegiate, Co-ed

269. Soccer Intercollegiate, Men

270. Soccer Intercollegiate, Women

271. Softball Intercollegiate, Women

272. Swimming/Diving Intercollegiate, Men

273. Swimming/Diving Intercollegiate, Women

276. Dolphins (Synchronized Swim) Club

282. Tennis Intercollegiate, Men

283. Tennis Intercollegiate, Women

286. Track and Field/Indoor Intercollegiate, Men

287. Track and Field/Indoor Intercollegiate, Women

288. Track and Field/Outdoor Intercollegiate, Men

289. Track and Field/Outdoor Intercollegiate, Women

290. Volleyball Club, Men

291. Volleyball Intercollegiate, Women

293. Water Polo Club

299. Wrestling Intercollegiate, Men

Academic Courses

310. First Aid and CPR
An introduction to basic methods useful in the treatment of injuries and sudden illness. Course content involves both theoretical information and practical physical skills. Red Cross Community First Aid and CPR Certification is given upon successful completion. This course does not apply toward required PE activity courses for graduation. 2 credits, S/CR/NC, ND
Fall, Winter and Spring -- D. Ricks, E. Jarnigan

314. Athletic Training I: Gross Human Anatomy
This course is designed to introduce the student to fundamental human anatomy and kinesiology. Emphasis is placed on the musculoskeletal system and its mechanics. Laboratory activities will include surface and palpatory anatomy as well as manual muscle testing. Required of those who want to work as student athletic trainers. 2 credits, ND
Winter -- M. Carley

315. Athletic Training II: Prevention and Care of Athletic Injuries
A course in the principles, procedures, and techniques of prevention, evaluation, treatment, and rehabilitation of athletic injuries. Classwork will include lecture, discussion, and examinations. Laboratory practical experience will be given in evaluation of injuries, taping and use of rehabilitative modalities. Required of those who want to work as student athletic trainers. Prerequisite: Physical Education, Athletics and Recreation 314. 3 credits, ND
Fall and Spring -- M. Carley

348. Principles of Physical Education and Athletics
An examination of Physical Education and Athletics and their relationship with society. This course focuses on the emergence of contemporary sport and the current issues facing physical educators. A special emphasis is placed on understanding lifetime fitness and developing a philosophy of physical education and sport. 6 credits, ND
Fall -- W. Terriquez

349. Individual/Team Sports and the Development of Training Theory for Athletics
For students wishing to understand the process of developing an athlete in a variety of individual-team oriented sports. Special emphasis will be placed on program development, as well as the coach in a teaching role. Activities to be covered include track and field, cross country, swimming, wrestling, tennis and strength training. 3 credits, ND
Winter -- W. Terriquez

350. Methods of Coaching Team Organized Sports
This course emphasizes the methods of teaching skills, structure, and strategies of team oriented sports such as football, basketball, soccer, softball, baseball, and volleyball. Emphasis is placed on developing coaching skills and a philosophy of coaching. 3 credits, ND
Spring -- B. Sullivan