Wild Bergamot, Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) is a member of the Mint family (Lamiaceae) that grows in sunny conditions throughout the Arboretum. This species can be identified by its square stem and purple, tube-like flowers clustered on a flower head. While mammalian herbivores tend to avoid this plant, Wild Bergamot’s nectar attracts a diverse group of insect pollinators including butterflies, bees, flies, and hummingbird moths. Wild Bergamot typically blooms between mid-June to early August.